Dance and Music Evolve the Brain in Opposite Ways

From ancient cultures, we can see that dance and music is wonderfully prevalent. Nowadays, this traditional culture has been carried through into modern culture. Maybe because dancing with music is interesting, but recent findings demonstrate that music and dance can make significant neurological changes. This finding can be useful to patients that suffer any decrement of sensory and motor regions of the brain. In fact, music treatment has been part of medical jobs that any medical staff should give to their patient for relaxing purpose.

Earlier studies have shown that music training from a young age can make changes to pathways within the brain. This study enforces that consistency in dancing or playing music is needed in developing human brain. Although both skills involve intense training, dance focuses on integrating visual, auditory, and motor coordination, whereas musicianship primarily concentrates on auditory and motor information.

Imaging Artist’s Brain

By using an advanced imaging technique called diffusion tensor imaging, the pathways that were most affected were bundles of fibers that link sensory and motor regions of the brain and the fibers of the corpus callosum that run between the hemispheres. While dancers have broader sets of connections; these same connections were stronger, but less diffuse, and showed more coherent fiber bundles.

Due to this, according to Giacosa, dance and music training affect the brain in opposite directions, increasing global connectivity and crossing of fibers and dance training, and strengthening specific pathways in music training.

The differences observed between the two maybe because dancers train their whole body which encourage fibers to cross over and increase in size, while musicians tend to train their body on specific parts such as the fingers or mouth which trigger smaller cortical representations in the brain.

From this finding, nowadays, dance and music therapy is analyzed for its potential use to treat Parkinson and autism diseases.

Advertisements

The Impact of Shift Work on Health

As medical staffs, you might get used to with shift work. This kind of work schedule is made to fulfil patient healthcare needs. So, if staying up late is part of your nursing jobs, you many need to beware on your health as it may increase disease prevalence.

Why might shift work increase disease prevalence?

Longer working hours and staying awake for many more hours each day is the main cause for the increment of any disease prevalence. This is because our bodies are no longer truly synchronized with their environment anymore.

Moreover, television, computers and longer hours have the same effect to what is referred to as “social jet lag”, as well as many new diseases and disorders that commonly found in Western societies.

In addition, shift work was noted by the authors to be linked with behavioral and lifestyle factors that are also known risk factors for certain chronic diseases. Various studies have shown that shift workers are more likely to have a high body mass index (BMI), to smoke and experience stress.

What can we do to protect shift workers’ health?

If you are one the people who like working shift can follow a number of these suggestions:

  • On the last few days of an evening shift, delay going to bed and waking up by 1 or 2 hours. This should make it easier to adapt to a new shift schedule.
  • Provide extra time to adjust to a new work schedule, but still take care on your time for sleeping.
  • To prevent daylight and other light cues after finishing a night shift, you can wear dark glasses or special goggles.
  • Be discipline on your sleep schedule every day of the week, even on days off, to help adjust the body clock with the work schedule.

From the suggestions above, having good-quality sleep is important to minimize any disruption to the body’s circadian rhythms. This is also the best way to keep your body stays healthy.

How to Manage Patients with Autism

Everyday doctors and nurses may face with different kind of people with different background. Not only different lives background, but you may also encounter patients with different health history. One of the examples is dealing with autism patient which may be one of the so many challenging medical jobs. If you have to manage patients with autism, you can read several information bellows:

Step one: Understand the Child

Prepare time for discussing about children’s condition. You can ask about child’s physical, emotional and mental abilities within minutes to their parents. Several questions that will be good to be asked before the medical visits are such as follows:

  • Is the child verbal or non-verbal?
  • Does the child follow simple commands?
  • Does the child make eye contact?
  • Respond to his/her name?
  • How does the child behave or respond to touch?

Step two: Plan for the Health Care Visit

Do not put any unnecessary items from the examining or treatment area. You may need extra staff, if you know the child is aggressive. It’s important to make sure that the additional members are fully aware about the child’s condition.

Step three: Implement Behavioral Strategies

Due to patient’s special needs, you may need range of behavioral strategies to cope with this patient. You can choose another strategy if your first attempt fails.

  • Imitation plus reward
    If you need to listen to a child’s heart, for example, demonstrate on a doll with a stethoscope, and then allow the child to imitate you. Reinforce the child with praise or a predetermined reward, such as a favorite toy.
  • Token system
    Before a medical procedure begins, have the child select a desired reward. Give the child a token at certain points during the procedure, with the understanding that he/she must gather a set number of tokens to get the reward.
  • Choices
    Children who are allowed to make choices often curtail or stop negative behaviors. The offered choices must be within the context of the procedure. For example, ask the child which arm to use for a blood sample.
  • Distraction
    This strategy is often the most effective. Souders advises nurses to “give the child a good time. Get into a playful mode.” Try singing songs, reciting the alphabet, playing with toys or blowing bubbles during the patient’s visit.

Step four: Look for Physical Abnormalities

If a child is diagnosed for having autism, you may need to look for other illness that may occur because of autism behavior. The most often case are gastrointestinal disorders and nutritional imbalances. Remember to always great patience and understanding when you have to deal with this kind of children.

Qualifications for being an Army Nurse

If you think that as a nurse you will spend the rest of your life in a clinic or hospital, well it can be true or wrong. It all depends on what kind of nurses that you are registering for. For example, you will be stationed in larger military or other government facilities, if you wish to become military nurses. In fact, being an army nurse is quite challenging compared to other medical jobs. Here are several reasons why it is challenging:

Education and Experience

To become army nurses, one must possess at least a bachelor’s degree in nursing. You may have this degree before entering the military or commissioned. But, you can also join the Army ROTC in college which gives you double benefits; receiving benefits as you complete your degree and pursue your registered nursing license. Moreover, you may require at least one year of supervised experience or take a course in public health nursing. All nurses must also get a RN license.

Physical Requirements

It goes without saying that army nurses must meet the requirements of regular Army members. In fact nurses may have to take a physical fitness test every six months.  Due to this, someone must be between 21 and 42 years old when applying as army nurses.

Time and Travel

If you are committed to register as army nurses, you must be able to serve for at least a three-year commitment. After three years, most nurses usually will be put in a new place every three years. There are also additional travels to help with emergency situation as they arise. You will get 2.5 days of vacation a month, but you may need to consider on how much time you can take off at a time or how far you can travel. All of this work will need you to sacrifice having any holidays with family members or missing special events.

What is Gastroenterology Nurse

There are plenty kind of nursing jobs that you may find nowadays. One of them is gastroenterology nurse, a nurse that helps diagnose any illness related to human digestive system. They usually work together with gastroenterologists to discover any abdominal pain or internal bleeding. Such symptoms can be indicative of cancer. If you are interested to become one, you may need to know any related information about gastroenterology nurse, such as follows:

Gastroenterology Nurse Job Description

Gastroenterology nurses are also known as endoscopy nurse. They have to acquire experience in assessment, planning and implementation of upper gastrointestinal and endoscopic procedures. Moreover, the nurse should also be familiar working with computerized topography scans and x-ray technology to monitor their patients. Besides, they need to keep patients informed and educated about their and the treatments that they will need to face. Furthermore, a gastroenterology may be needed sometimes to assist gastroenterologists, surgeons, physicians and nutritionists.

A gastroenterology nurse can earn the average annual salary for $67,000 to $83,000. Due to big nursing opportunities, no doubt that there are also many chances for gastroenterology nurses.

Education or certification Necessary

To be a gastroenterology nurse, one must become a registered nurse. All registered nurses must also pass the National Council Licensure Examination – Registered Nurse, or the NCLEX-RN. Moreover, a gastroenterology nurse may also require a certificate through the American Board of Certification for Gastroenterology nurses. In order to get the certificate, one must have minimum experience in their field, and pass a written and practical exam.

Where Can a Gastroenterology Nurse Work?

A Gastroenterology nurse will spend most of their time in a clinical setting or a hospital setting. They usually perform endoscopic procedures and inform their patients about their conditions and kind of treatment they should take. But, you can also find gastroenterology nurse working in a home care setting alongside nutritionist.